is a permanent intolerance to gluten protein found in oats , wheat, barley , kamut , barley , rye, and triticale spelled .
The impact of this intolerance in Italy is estimated in every subject 100/150 people . I would therefore potentially celiac 400 000 , but only 35 000 have been diagnosed . Each year five thousand new diagnoses are made and each year 2,800 new celiac, with an annual increase of 9 %.
To treat celiac disease , at present, be excluded from the diet some of the most common foods such as bread, pasta, biscuits and pizza, but also to remove the smallest traces of flour from each dish. This implies a strong commitment to nutrition education . Indeed, the recruitment of gluten , even in small doses, can cause damage.
Gluten-free diet , conducted with rigor , is the only treatment that guarantees a perfect state of health celiac
All products in this section are included in the National Register of Ministry of Health and can be purchased advantage of voucher issued by the ASL .
Gluten is a protein found in some cereals : wheat, barley , barley , rye , oats . Following a gluten-free diet means avoiding foods containing these cereals and their derivatives. You can instead use other foods such as rice, maize , millet , cassava and others.
Many food companies have marketed gluten-free foods more pleasing : to replace the wheat flour , bread , pasta , biscuits, cakes , crackers , breadsticks , biscuits , snacks . The celiac diet is so varied and balanced , despite the exclusion of gluten
Diagnosis of celiac disease
In genetically susceptible introducing foods containing gluten, such as pasta , bread , biscuits or even traces of flour derived from prohibited grains , results in abnormal immune response in the intestine, which follows a chronic inflammation with disappearance of intestinal villi.
Important and sometimes fatal disease caused by a late diagnosis : osteoporosis , infertility , repeated miscarriages , short stature in children , diabetes mellitus, autoimmune thyroiditis , alopecia , epilepsy with cerebral calcifications and the dreaded intestinal lymphoma .
Not always celiac disease occurs openly . Indeed, his clinical forms can be manifold. The typical form has symptoms such as diarrhea and growth arrest (after weaning) , the atypical is presented late with symptoms mainly extraintestinal (eg anemia) , as silent as it features the striking absence of symptoms and potential (or latent) is highlighted with positive serology but normal intestinal biopsy .
The diagnosis of celiac disease is made by serological assays : the AGA ( antigliadin antibodies IgA and IgG ) , the EMA ( IgA antibodies antiendomysial ) . Was recently developed a new test for the determination of antibodies to IgA , anti- transglutaminase . For the definitive diagnosis of celiac disease is indispensable biopsy of the small intestine with the removal of a fragment of tissue, histological examination of which you can determine the atrophy of intestinal villi
(From AIC )
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