Help and Propolis Hive
ACTIVE And ' composed of resins and balsams 50-55% , 25-30% wax , essential oil 10% , 5% organic matter and minerals . The active ingredients most studied are the flavonoids ( galangina , apigenin , quercetin , chrysin , Pinocembrin etc. .. ), aromatic acids ( caffeic , ferulic , benzoic , cinnamic ), minerals , trace elements (aluminum , barium , chromium , cobalt , manganese , Copper , zinc , iron , nickel , silicon , etc. ..) .
PROPERTY '' Antibacterial to numerous microbial strains : the essential oil showed antibacterial activity , even at very low doses , against gram positive and gram negative . Among the flavonoids showed high antimicrobial activity (especially toward gram positive ) , and the galangina Pinocembrin . Among the organic acids as active against bacteria was cinnamic acid , particularly effective against gram positive . The antibacterial activity is manifest, therefore , especially to gram positive bacteria ( staphylococci , streptococci ) . The bacteriostatic and antimicrobial activity of propolis on different bacterial strains has been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo ( Bacillus spp . , Salmonella spp . , Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Shigella , Streptococcus spp . ) . The mechanism of action of propolis on bacterial cells is complex , cytoplasm , plasma membrane and cell walls are disorganized by lysis and inhibition of protein due to action on DNA -dependent RNA polymerase of bacteria is also prevented separation of daughter cells . Sudi experimental mice showed that propolis stimulates the phagocytic activity of macrophages, phagocytic stimulus was twice as high in treated mice compared with control group. Moreover , propolis has been shown to inhibit the growth of different species of fungi and yeasts such as Candida albicans, Microsporum canis, Trichophyton . It appears that the antifungal activity was similar to that dell'amfotericina b, which form complexes with sterols ( ergosterol ) in fungal membranes . Several studies have shown the antiviral activity of propolis against influenza b virus , parainfluenza , herpes simplex, adenovirus , respiratory virus sincinziale . The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties attributed to flavonoids. In a 1974-76 study of propolis was tested for internal use in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris, two thirds of the subjects were also significant improvements . Several researchers have demonstrated the efficacy of Eastern propolis gastric ulcer and gastritis and other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract ( colitis, diarrhea , Crohn's disease , diverticulosis ) . The effectiveness is attributed to flavonoids (for antisecretory activity , anti-inflammatory , antispasmodic , immune , healing , local anesthetic ), 1994 Japanese researchers have shown the anti - helicobacter pylori , Gram- negative bacillus whose presence seems associated with ' gastric ulcer, this activity appears to be due to an active moiety of three flavonoids : Pinocembrin , galangina and chrysin . Another application of propolis is on chronic infectious diseases of the biliary tract , bile reaching the duodenum, taken with the probe, showed a reduction of bacteria after treatment with propolis . Propolis also has healing properties , riepitelizzanti that together with others described above make it an excellent remedy for many diseases and external of the oral mucosa .
INDICATIONS Acute and chronic bronchitis , influenza, genito- urinary infections , tonsillitis, pharyngitis , nasopharyngitis , laryngitis , gum inflammation , gastroduodenal ulcers , gastritis .
Family: Asteraceae Plants Medicinal Part used: root, aerial part .
ACTIVE caffeic acid derivatives : echinacoside , echinaceina ; essential oil terpenes , polysaccharides ( and eteroxilani arabinoramnogalattani ) alcammidi , flavonoids ( leaves ) rutin, caryophyllene .
PROPERTY ' Echinacea has bacteriostatic properties and virustatiche tested on several bacterial and viral strains . Act directly on the microorganisms echinaceina essential oil , because the indirect and eteroxilani arabinoramnogalattani , which stimulate various immune cell lines (macrophages , T lymphocytes and B). The echinacoside and other localities are showing enzyme inhibitors against jaluronidasi , slowing the rate of penetration of microorganisms in the tissues , there is an acceleration of wound healing and a decreased risk of infection . Anti-inflammatory for use indoors and outdoors. Stimulating the immune response especially during influenza epidemic , been the poor activity of the immune system ( stress, etc. . ) , such as healing and riepitelizzante for injuries and sequelae of dermatological infections .
INDICATION Anti-inflammatory for use indoors and outdoors. Stimulating the immune response especially during influenza epidemic , been the poor activity of the immune system ( stress, etc. . ) , such as healing and riepitelizzante for injuries and sequelae of dermatological infections . Influenza, bronchitis, prostatitis , infectious mononucleosis .
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